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Information Literacy & Critical Appraisal

What is information literacy?

Information literacy is the set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information, the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning.

--Association of College & Research Libraries, 2015

What is critical appraisal?

Critical appraisal is the process of carefully and systematically examining research to judge its trustworthiness, and its value and relevance in a particular context.

--Burls, Amanda. (2009) "What is Critical Appraisal?" What is...? series. Hayward Medical Communications.

Library support for instructors

The library offers in-person and virtual information literacy and critical appraisal instruction.  Examples of topics we address include:

  • developing a research topic or question
  • searching with library databases and other resources
  • evaluating web sources
  • responding to and fact-checking news sites and disinformation (aka "fake news")
  • analyzing graphs and data
  • dissecting scientific articles
  • critical appraisal of medical and scientific research
  • evaluating images and image manipulation
  • personal data and internet privacy

Please contact us at with questions about how the library can offer sessions created or modified to support your classes!


Creative Commons License

This content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License